domingo, abril 27, 2014

Lech Walesa: "What was missing in Cuba was the leadership of dissident organizations"

marcmasferrer.typepad.com
But we were totally amazed seeing them do these things and we had to come to realize that they couldn’t be true communists, and we were no longer scared of them. We had a Holy Father calling us to pray, of course, but on that occasion we didn’t realize we were so many [who prayed]. Previously, we had heard there were few opponents to the regime and suddenly we realized there really were very few communists. Had it not been the Holy Father we would never have integrated, we would never have been able to realize we were so many. And once we suddenly saw how many we were, that really gave us confidence. Also the dissident movement already in existence in Poland, although not very big, was able to lead those crowds towards victory.

But let us not forget that a similar thing happened in Cuba, that the same Holy Father went to Cuba after our victory had been won. He even worked harder there and yet Cuba remains a communist regime. Quite simply, what was missing in Cuba was the leadership of dissident organizations which could lead the nation. This is quite amazing because Cuba is so close to the United States, and the fact that the regime still persists there, makes us suspect that maybe the United States wants to keep Cuba as a “Jurassic park of communism” and that’s why it’s still there, because otherwise it’s impossible that it is still there.

Read Latest Breaking News from Newsmax.com http://www.newsmax.com/Newsfront/lech-walesa-newsmax-dinner-rome/2014/04/26/id/567892#ixzz303nzmHN5
Urgent: Should Obamacare Be Repealed? Vote Here Now!

Segundo comunicado de Anónimos de Cuba A26 2014

Frank Pais

sábado, abril 26, 2014

Michelle Obama Gets Resume from Girl Who's Father Has Been Jobless for Three Year's

Mary Greeley

Peleas clandestinas de boxeo, nuevo negocio en la Cuba profunda

Por Daniel Palacios
LA HABANA.- Mientras el enfrentamiento ante Rusia en la semifinal de la Serie Mundial en Moscú se roba los cintillos noticiosos de la prensa cubana, el boxeo retoma fuerzas como centro de apuestas clandestinas en recónditos lugares como remembranza de una isla prerevolucionaria hasta hoy olvidada.
Unos muy bien escondidos ranchones -construcciones de madera en forma cónica y techadas con hojas secas de palma- en puntos intrincados de la capital cubana acogen los fines de semana a peleadores que desatan apuestas de miles de pesos.
Antes de 1959 eran abundantes las llamadas “arenas” en todos los municipios y las carteleras de boxeo profesional. Tras la eliminación del juego por parte del gobierno de Fidel Castro solo quedaron las más populares, como es el caso de la Arena Trejo en el municipio capitalino de Habana Vieja, pero al servicio de la academia municipal de este deporte.
Ahora, están de vuelta en un mundo habanero donde el marginalismo y la ilegalidad están a la orden del día.
Mario -no es su verdadero nombre- pasó sus años juveniles en la preselección nacional de boxeo, pero la vida le deparó situaciones familiares que le impidieron continuar con su carrera deportiva. Hoy hace de todo para mantener a su esposa e hijo y la tentación de ganar 10 mil pesos (416 dólares) haciendo lo que le apasiona, lo llevó a una aventura pugilística en las afueras de la ciudad.
Carteleras planificadas
“Un día unos amigos vinieron a casa y me propusieron pelear contra uno de Las Guásimas [barrio del municipio de Arroyo Naranjo] por 10 mil pesos así que acepté. Pensaba que era algo particular entre él y yo, pero al llegar ahí me di cuenta que era una de las cinco peleas de ese día”, comentó Mario, sentado en la pequeña sala de su casa y lleno de cautela por lo peligroso del tema en un país donde están prohibidos por ley todos los juegos de azar y cualquier evento de apuestas.
Según el entrevistado, estas “carteleras” clandestinas de fin de semana constan de una estructura en la que solamente quien quede en mejores condiciones resulta triunfador.
El ganador es decretado si su rival no está en condiciones de continuar el combate. Cuando hay heridas de consideración, los peleadores son llevados al policlínico y los reportan como víctimas de riña callejera.
“No hay un número límite de rounds y la pelea se detiene por knockout. Hay dos jueces, uno en el ring y el otro debajo y cada uno de los peleadores puede tener hasta tres [asistentes] en su esquina. Los guantes son de peso profesional y no hay cabecera ni camisetas”, dijo.
A veces cuesta trabajo localizar el lugar destinado a las peleas por el propio secretismo entre los asistentes. El ring improvisado puede localizarse en el patio de vivienda intrincada  en los suburbios de La Habana o en una antigua valla de gallos donde caben a lo sumo unas 100 personas.
El cuadrilátero es más pequeño que el tamano oficial y se contruye de madera, de forma artesanal, con tablas al descubierto. El piso suele taparse con una lona. Los límites los están fijados por sogas gruesas, como las que usan los barcos.
A sala repleta
A tenor de datos ofrecidos por otros asiduos a estos “programas” de peleas, los lugares se mantienen repletos y cada vez son mayores las apuestas.
“La mayoría de los que se inscriben fueron atletas y se llegan a prepararse todo un mes para una pelea. Más de uno integraron las selecciones nacionales en diferentes categorías. Da gusto verlos y sobre todo si juegas al ganador”, afirmó Adonis, un botero de 25 años y asiduo a las apuestas.
Mario nos comenta que el ganador se agencia el 80 por ciento de la apuesta, mientras el otro 20 va a manos de los que hayan participado en la preparación del púgil y la concertación de la pelea.
“Es como el boxeo profesional, mientras más fuertes los oponentes mayores serán las apuestas, por eso se respetan cuestiones de peso corporal y la calidad del contrincante”, agregó la fuente.
Hasta el momento se conoce que este fenómeno ocurre en la capital del país, aunque no se descartan eventos en otros territorios del interior.
La divulgación no está tan extendida como las peleas de perros,caballos, carreras de autos, o las tradicionales peleas de gallos, muy frecuentes a las afueras de las ciudades y en los tiempos libres de los altos dirigentes cubanos, pero se ha insertado dentro de la lista de lugares para poner a “producir” dinero.

Blind American attempts Cuba-to-US kayak crossing

A 56-year-old blind American set off in a kayak Friday in an attempt to cross the treacherous Florida Straits that separate Cuba and the United States.
Peter Crowley left Havana at 12:35 pm (1635 GMT) in his red boat, accompanied by his son who is guiding him from a separate blue kayak.
As he forges the 90-mile (150-kilometer) stretch of shark-infested waters in a push to reach Key West, Florida within 24 hours, a catamaran sailboat will also be following along.
"It means so much to me," said the athlete, a married father of three, who since birth has suffered from optic atrophy -- a malformation that prevents the optic nerve from functioning properly.
Crowley, who has only seven percent of his vision, is also hard of hearing in both ears. He was forced to remove his hearing aids, which are adversely affected by salty air, for the crossing attempt.
An accomplished athlete, Crowley has already completed several major kayaking feats, paddling more than 125 miles on the Hudson River in 1999 and becoming the first blind man to cross the English Channel in 2003.
Told as a child there were many things he should not try, Crowley said he decided to focus on what he could do, rather than his limitations.
Miguel Angel Diaz Escrich, commodore of the Hemingway International Yacht Club from which Crowley set off, said it was the first attempt to cross the strait by kayak.
Before embarking on the journey, which Crowley said was meant to demonstrate overcoming obstacles and to bring together the estranged United States and Cuba, he donated several devices for the visually impaired to Cuban students.
Completing the cross-ocean journey from Cuba to Florida, whether by swimming or other means, has become increasingly popular with athletes, mainly Americans, in recent years.
In September Diana Nyad swam into the history books, completing a marathon three-day crossing from Cuba to Florida to become the first person to do so without a protective shark cage.

viernes, abril 25, 2014

'Chicagoland' Emails: CNN, Emanuel Aides Coordinated to Showcase Mayor as 'Star'

The Chicago Tribune gained access to over 700 emails between Chicago Mayor Rahm Emanuel's office and CNN. The emails detail a cozy relationship between the Democrat's office and the cable news network during the production of "Chicagoland," a low-rated eight-part cable series pitched to viewers as an unvarnished look at the city. [The emails are posted here.]

The emails tell the story of a cable news network coordinating with the mayor of a failing city who is also a rising Democrat star. The apparent goal of "Chicagoland" was for CNN to use its resources as a way to portray the "mayor in a positive light" at a national level and showcase Emanuel "as the star he really is."
According to the Tribune, details were coordinated down to camera angles:
If it seemed as though some scenes of CNN's documentary series "Chicagoland" were coordinated by Mayor Rahm Emanuel's City Hall and the show's producers, that's because they were.
More than 700 emails reviewed by the Tribune reveal that the production team worked hand in hand with the mayor's advisers to develop storylines, arrange specific camera shots and review news releases officially announcing the show.
Producers asked the mayor's office to help them set up key interactions in what the cable network has billed as a nonscripted eight-part series, including Emanuel's visits with the school principal who emerged as a star of the show, emails show. …
The production team for the series, whose final episode aired Thursday night, told Emanuel's staff that particular scenes would present the mayor in a positive light, with one of the producers expressing a desire to showcase the mayor "as the star that he really is."
"Chicagoland's" executive producer is Robert Redford.
CNN has yet to comment on the scandal, but this is yet another black eye for Jeff Zucker, who has been in charge of CNN for just a little over a year. Under his leadership, CNN has become a laughingstock, even among its left-wing colleagues in the mainstream media, for its bungled attempts to cover serious news and bizarre obsessions with whales, missing planes, and ferry disasters.
Just last year, CNN was caught using its network to push anti-gun legislation.
CNN presents itself as an objective cable news outlet.
UPDATE: CNN issues non-denial-denial

Analysis: Cuba’s new foreign investment law, part 2: Property rights

By José Manuel Pallí*
Perhaps the most important question raised by Cuba’s new approach to foreign investment in real estate is the one related to the nature of the rights a foreign investor who develops real estate in Cuba — and those who purchase the residential units from the developer — can acquire over the land and the improvements built on it.
This is a question that cannot be answered simply by reading the new law and its companion documents. It requires placing the question squarely in the midst of the Cuban legal system as a whole, taking into account the very particular (and evolving) socio-economic model that legal system supports. But you do get, from just reading a number of articles or sections of the new law, a hint (and a strong one, in my humble view) of what the nature of those “property rights” may turn out to be.
As I noted in a previous column, Chapter VI of Cuba’s new foreign investment law (Ley 118/2014), which covers foreign investment in real estate, is couched in the same language found in Chapter VI of Ley 77/95, which the new law supersedes. The new Chapter VI has only one article (article 17), which is identical to article 16 in the old law but for the fact it omits a clause that used to ban foreign investment in the area of housing to be used by Cuban individuals who resided permanently in the island. The omission of that little clause is what appears to open that area of the Cuban economy to foreign capital.
The version of Chapter VI found in the old foreign investment law included two additional articles: one covering investments which consisted in plainly acquiring real estate as an entrepreneurial activity per se, which the law considered to be a form of direct foreign investment (article 17 of Ley 77/95); and another article related to the terms and conditions governing the acquisition and transfer of real estate, which the article said would be set in the document whereby the investment was approved by the Cuban authorities, and should conform to the property laws of Cuba (article 18 of Ley 77/95). The new Chapter VI contains one single article, the aforementioned article 17 (16 of the old law).
I do not read as much into the omission of the second of these two articles in the new Chapter VI as I do with regard to the restrictive clause omitted from the text of article 17 in the new law. It seems clear, from reading the procedures whereby approvals for foreign investment are obtained, that these approval documents are always used for purposes of fixing the terms and conditions to any foreign investment the Cuban government approves.
But I do wonder what the omission of an article similar to article 18 of the old law may mean in the context of the new law. Why choose to no longer characterize the acquisition of real estate for entrepreneurial purposes as foreign direct investment, if that is what the omission of old article 18 in the new law means? And my concern is not with the Cuban legal system itself, or with the way any of its laws are drafted; what I dread is the confusion they may create in the minds of those who tend to take for granted that what they understand to be the case is exactly what others should understand is the case. And that confusion can be lethal when you are dealing with property rights, especially when you believe there is, and can only be, but one conception (yours) of what property rights are.
Article 2 of Cuba’s new foreign investment law is a glossary (listing the definition of terms used in the law) that includes the definition of what “administrative concessions” are. It suggests that when a state-owned asset is to become part of an approved foreign investment, the title document the foreign investment venture gets is in the nature of an administrative concession, making it a title subject to an expiration date (con caracter temporal, reads article 2 (e)), and potentially restricted by contractual obligations the beneficiary of the concession agrees to, and not an outright conveyance of the title to the property in question.
Most Cuban lands are state-owned assets. So, when one reads in article 18.2 of the new law that the transfer (transmisión) to the Cuban investing side of the ownership or other property rights over state-owned assets, in order for the Cuban side to be able to contribute those rights into the foreign investment (La transmisión a favor de los inversionistas nacionales de la propiedad o de otros derechos reales sobre bienes de propiedad estatal, para que sean aportados por aquellos…”), is done subject to the principles established under the Cuban constitution, it is important to be aware that the Cuban constitution does not understand or define ownership rights or derechos de propiedad the way we do in the United States.
Article 18.1 (d) seems to highlight this fact when it singles out usufruct and superficie rights among those the foreign investment concern can have over the land contributed by the Cuban investor. Both of those “property rights” or derechos reales — as rights directly exercisable over things, land included, are called in Civil Law parlance — are lesser in nature and in extent than what we in the United States call private property (or ownership) rights.
But this does not mean they are worthless; they can be extremely valuable, and yet fall short of being as strong as U.S. rights are. You just need to know what you are dealing with, without deluding yourself through wishful thinking.
The new foreign investment law may trigger a reaction similar to November 2011, when Cuba decided to facilitate the transfer of housing rights to third parties. Back then, many jumped to the conclusion that there was now an American-style real property market opening up in Cuba, without noticing that, under Cuban laws, a right to housing falls far short from what we in the United States call fee simple title over a house.
As was the case back then, the fact that neither the Cuban constitution nor its civil laws have changed and the concept of property rights remains in Cuba the one that befits a society built around socialist principles should be a good reason for caution. But so it is in China and in some other countries where property rights are as different from ours as Cuba’s are. Still, foreign investors in those countries crave for opportunities to invest in their real estate assets.
Two important things to take into account and be careful with: Before a parcel of state-owned land is approved for use in a foreign investment setting, it must first be placed in the hands of a Cuban national who is to be a party in the foreign investment; and the terms and conditions to which that parcel of land will be subject to (which will define what the foreign investor will be able to do and not do with it) are found in the document whereby the investment is approved by the Cuban authorities AND in the administrative concession that entitled the Cuban national investor with whatever rights it holds over the parcel.
One last point, and I know I am wearing you down, my esteemed reader:
Cuba’s foreign investment law defines three different vehicles (article 12 calls them modalidades, or modes) through which foreign investments can be made in Cuba, but suggests (in article 13.2) that for purposes of construction at risk (contratos a riesgo para la construcción) the choice may only be one: the international economic association contract, or contrato de asociación económica internacional (the other two modes are mixed-capital enterprises, or empresas mixtas, and enterprises — or investments — where only foreign capital participates empresa de capital totalmente extranjero, pursuant to article 13.1).
A contrato de asociación económica internacional is the only investment mode that Cuba assigns as the vehicle of choice for investments in certain areas of its economy, one of them the construction sector. Of course, construction is a rather broad concept, which may range from buildings in a real estate development for housing or touristic purposes to the construction of public works (like roads or port facilities). The glossary in this law does not define what it means by contrato a riesgo para la construcción.
Another term that is not defined in the law is el patrimonio de la nación, which under article 20 is out of the reach of foreign capital.
Article 20 of Ley 118/2014 reads as follows: “The Cuban state will authorize foreign investments when they do not affect national security and defense, the patrimonio de la nación, or the environment.
By implying that foreign investments that “affect” (?) either category in this somewhat broad threesome will NOT be authorized, Cuba could easily reject a large number of proposals for foreign investment, using article 20 as a shield. And I don’t recall seeing a similar provision in Cuba’s predecessor to this new foreign investment law.
I am sorry, but you will not see me taking even a stab at translating patrimonio de la nación into English legalese, because that kind of translation is usually a way to expand an already existing confusion.
But if you look for an answer in Cuba’s Ley del Patrimonio Estatal (Decreto-Ley No 227/2002), you are not likely to find it there. My reading of this 2002 law  — as always, I must point out I am not a Cuban lawyer, but just a lawyer who was born in Cuba, and it is from a Cuban lawyer who currently practices in the island that you should seek the answer to this and other Cuban legal questions — is that Cuba does not make a clear distinction between bienes de dominio público, propiedad estatal and patrimonio de la nación, all terms which are used in its foreign investment law to refer to state-owned assets that are contributed by the Cuban side into a foreign investment venture.
My next installment will deal with the disappointment of seeing that Cuba’s interference with labor relations between foreigners and locals remains basically unchanged.
----------------------
*José Manuel Pallí is president of Miami-based World Wide Title. He can be reached at jpalli@wwti.net; you can find his blog at http://cubargiejoe.com

Pope John Paul II Crucifix Falls, Crushes Man to Death

A man was crushed to death when a giant crucifix dedicated to Pope John Paul II collapsed and fell on him, ITV News reports. The accident came just days before a historic canonization that will see the late pope declared a saint.
The 98-foot-high wooden and concrete cross fell during a ceremony in the Italian Alpine village of Cevo on Thursday, killing 21-year-old student Marco Gusmini. Another man was taken to hospital.
The structure was dedicated to John Paul II on his visit to the region in 1998.

Cuban Refugee Boat Found On Singer Island Florida 4 12 2014

REnews

Namibia: Cuban Doctors Face Theft Charges

THE Ministry of Health and Social Services has opened a case against Cuban doctors allegedly found with medical supplies in their quarters suspected to have been taken from Windhoek hospitals last month.
Police spokesperson Edwin Kanguatjivi confirmed this saying the case was opened, "not by the police but probably by the Ministry of Health".
Although health permanent secretary Andrew Ndishishi answered his phone yesterday, he could not confirm this development, saying he was busy in a meeting.
Kanguatjivi said the health ministry could not open a case earlier because they only had suspicions.
Crime Investigations Coordinator for the Khomas Region Deputy Commissioner Sylvanus Nghishidimbwa said they were investigating about five employees in connection with the case but could not give further details.
Police raided the flats occupied by Cuban doctors in Windhoek last month, and discovered medical supplies including syringes, needles and bandages.
The raid, was allegedly carried out after a tip-off about the doctors treating people, mostly Angolans, at their quarters using medical supplies stolen from State hospitals.
When the police arrived at the doctors quarters, with the media in tow, they found one of them removing a plaster from an Angolan man.
No one was arrested although the police took away the medical equipment for investigations.
Fakri Rodriguez Pinelo, Deputy Head of Mission of the Embassy of the Republic of Cuba in Windhoek said they were also aware of the investigations.
Rodriguez Pinelo said they will wait for the outcome of the investigations before commenting further.

Thirty-two Cuban migrants were sent home from Grand Cayman over the past two weeks

This picture of Cuban migrants near Cayman Brac in 2013 is an example of the makeshift watercraft used in attempts to reach the U.S. via a circuitous route through the Caribbean and Central America. – Photo: Ed Beaty
This picture of Cuban migrants near Cayman Brac in 2013 is an example of the makeshift watercraft used in attempts to reach the U.S. via a circuitous route through the Caribbean and Central America. – Photo: Ed Beaty
Thirty-two Cuban migrants were sent home from Grand Cayman over the past two weeks after having landed in the Cayman Islands illegally.  
However, nearly as many remain in George Town’s Immigration Detention Centre awaiting the outcome of Cuban and local officials’ processing of their repatriation cases. Dozens of the detainees have gone on the run in recent weeks, although all but one has been recaptured.  
“It’s just a constant flow of migrants leaving that country,” Deputy Chief Immigration Officer Gary Wong said Wednesday. “There’s no particular reason for so many coming at one time, they’re all just looking for a better way of life.”  
The Cubans’ quest for better fortunes has cost the Cayman Islands government hundreds of thousands of dollars in past budget years for housing and care while they await – sometimes for months – the outcome of asylum requests or simply to be sent back home.  
The wait for repatriation led to the latest round of escapes from the low-security detention center in the Fairbanks area of George Town, according to Mr. Wong.  
“The last few escapes that we’ve been having is because the migrants have said Cuba is taking too long to accept them back,” he said. “So they think they will put pressure [on Cuba] and us [by escaping]. But you and I both know that’s not going to happen.”  
More likely, the Cuban government won’t even hear about the escape attempts, Mr. Wong said, and in the meantime, the Cayman Islands community could be put at risk.  
Escapes from the migrant center are often viewed in a laissez faire manner by the Cayman community as the Cubans are usually economic migrants and not perceived as a threat.  
“[Residents] should think about it more seriously than that,” Mr. Wong said. “We don’t know who they are. We don’t know their background. We don’t know what kind of threats they would pose to the people out there. 
“Most of the males who come here have some sort of military training background ... that could be dangerous to the average person.”  
A number of escapes from the detention center have been reported since the beginning of 2014. They include:  
Jan. 20: A lone migrant fled the center around midday and came back of his own accord that evening.  
March 11: Three migrants who had been rescued in the water by a cruise ship that later docked in Grand Cayman fled the detention center and were arrested later that day.  
March 17: More than two dozen Cubans ran from the center in the middle of the afternoon. All but one were picked up immediately by police and immigration enforcement officials.  
March 19: Three migrants escaped from the detention center around 5 p.m. They were not immediately located, but all were eventually rounded up.  
April 16: Thirteen migrants ran from detention in the afternoon; 10 were recaptured immediately.  
Of all the recent escapes, only one migrant has managed to elude immigration officers and the local police. Mr. Wong said it is suspected that the escapee, Yasmany Gonzalez Rodriguez, is being harbored locally, which is a crime.  
The Cayman Islands government communicates with the Cuban government via the British Embassy there, but immigration officials often find it difficult and time-consuming to obtain reliable information about the migrants, who often give false names and do not carry identification.  
Also, the men and women who arrive illegally from Cuba could be desperate to avoid returning home.  
“Most of the vessels [used by the migrants] are basically homemade,” Mr. Wong said. “They’re actually built in bushes close to the beach and then pushed into the water.  
“Once you leave [Cuba] illegally by that kind of means, Cuba does look at them as basically traitors to their cause.”  
The migrants are allowed under United Nations conventions to make application for political asylum in the Cayman Islands. However, most do not qualify for that status. 

CONRADO MARRERO O ¿POR QUÉ EL COMUNISMO ES MALO?

Por Andrés Pascual

Según el escritor José Lorenzo Fuentes, el tirano le regaló a García Márquez una de las millones de casa que tiene en Cuba, donde todas son de su propiedad, con la advertencia: “eso sí, tienes que amueblarla” ¿El “gao”? de las residencias que le robó a algun dueño natural durante los primeros años, bajo el lema de “Recuperación de Bienes Malversados” capítulo Reforma Urbana...

El gesto, que no debe conocerlo todo el mundo en Cuba, sobre todo la mayoría de esos limosneros harapientos, mal comidos y desdentados que usted ve a cada rato por América Tevé desde un tugurio habanero, comiendo candela donde ni cenizas quedan al grito de “por Fidel y esta robolución hay que matarme”, posiblemente deba clasificarse como “ayuda internacionalista”, dado el carácter solidario de alto perfil del bandido de Birán, ya que el reciente finado no era cubano. Debajo el link donde puede leerlo:


Falleció Conrado Marrero, por quien Peter Gammons me preguntó por e-mail hace meses que “si había hablado con él alguna vez”, “muchas, era cascarrabias y sabía decir lo que necesitaba para interesar y aleccionar, menos de política...” y no era apático, sino “respetuoso de quienes no se metieron con él”, porque tampoco él “se metía” con ellos; además, se quedó en Cuba, si se hubiera ido, como Consuegra, Fleitas (los tres), Wenceslao González, Evelio Hernández o Cisco Campos, nadie de la generación “hombres nuevos” conociera ni el nombre; incluso ni los periodistas o blogueros que van a la LA MESA REDONDA a hablar basura y, a veces, lo mencionan como propiedad absoluta de la tiranía.

Todo se lo traduje a Gammons y un par de materiales que escribí sobre el pitcher almendarista. Después, el comentarista de MLB me preguntó si Marrero “no se iba a morir nunca”, en broma y sin desearlo, que hablo de uno los mejores y más decentes, para mí, que tiene la crónica americana sobre el beisbol. Uno de esos materiales que redacté sobre el pitcher es el que sigue:


Bueno, el Herald publicó la noticia desde La Habana, sin editar, como hacen siempre; informes que conceden todo y tratan de engañar a cuantos puedan con mentiras y tergiversaciones, política de las agencias para mantenerse allí sin “buscarse problemas”, por lo general, EFE o AP:


Ciento tres años cumpliría el Premier en breve, fue un buen pitcher, pero no el mejor de Cuba, tal vez no quepa entre los 7 primeros. A todos los encabeza Papa Montero y, si me dejan, en segundo coloco a Camilo, después a Bragaña, a Dihigo, a Tiant, a Cuéllar, a Ramos, ponga a Méndez, un HOF, donde crea, nunca antes de Adolfo...

Hoy leí a un cronista cubano de nueva edición refiriéndose a los lanzamientos “misteriosos” de Marrero, dijo que nadie supo nunca qué tiraba, ese es el precio que se paga por desconocer el pasado, porque El Guajiro solo tiraba “slider”, antes llamada “curva por el lado del brazo” en Cuba y rectas, eso lanzaba, pero dominaba con el control.

Me contó Andrés Fleitas que Marrero podía estar juegos sin tirar una recta, a slider limpio y liquidarlos con 85-95 envíos, con él como receptor lo hacía a cada rato.

Igual que la famosa bola embrujada de Cocaína, que la tiraba desde 1929 y era el famoso palm ball de hoy, “empalmada” le decían entonces.

Marrero no saltó antes porque temía fracasar, no tenía seguridad en sí mismo y se vio obligado a hacerlo cuando lanzó contra profesionales y lo suspendieron de la UAAC, todo contado a un servidor por el gran catcher del Central Constancia, que le respondió cuando le preguntó sobre si le veía algo para el beisbol profesional: “eres inteligente” y el pitcher le respondió “eso es verdad...”

Cuando los dueños del Almendares cometieron la cayucada de contratar al legendario hurler para que dirigiera al club a mediados de los 50's, el público demostró que las historias pasadas no cuentan, pues el ex lanzador recibió las críticas y burlas más dañinas y oprobiosas jamás dichas contra un manager en el beisbol cubano; únicamente Secades, con un recuento de su trayectoria gloriosa y acusando a los dueños del club añil por reclutarlo, una vez que su personalidad no podía superar la enorme responsabilidad, puso los puntos sobre las íes y llamó a la cordura contra tan inaceptable gesto fanático, incluso de algunos cronistas.

En medio de todo este ajetreo luctuoso por el fallecimiento de Conrado, estoy esperando como cosa buena por el tirano, que lo dejó morirse de hambre y anemia en medio de un calor atroz, a ver si se digna y escribe una “reflexión” sobre el único hombre de beisbol en Cuba por el que se interesaban los equipos de transmisiones como ESPN o el de Grandes Ligas cada vez que viajaban a La Habana..

Fue hasta que nosotros, tan malos que contribuimos a alargarle la vida, solicitamos que se rompieran las regulaciones del Embargo y de lo laboral en MLB, reclamando una ayuda de grupo para la leyenda de Laberinto, pensión que no le correspondía, porque nunca cotizó.

jueves, abril 24, 2014

Resumen de lo "mejor" de la academia kubiche sobre las reformas economicas

By Domingo Amuchastegui*
What is the role and potential of foreign investment for the Cuban economy? Let us look at the views of some of the most influential Cuban academics.
These economists come from different backgrounds. Several are associated with the Center for the Study of the Cuban Economy (CEEC) at the University of Havana, one is from the former Center of Studies of the Americas (CEA), another from the Center of World Economy Research (CIEM), and another from the Higher Institute of International Studies (ISRI). For many years — since the late 1970s — they upheld different approaches to Cuba’s economic problems, including foreign investment. Some of them are working abroad today.
The CEEC and CEA – due to their interactions with universities abroad and international academia — have been perceived as the “liberal wing” of Cuba’s academia in the field of economics and political analysis while CIEM — due to its closer dependency on the Central Committee and the Council of State — were perceived as “the conservative wing.” Differences and clashes, even with the Cuban leadership, were not unusual. With the collapse of Soviet-style socialism and its consequences for the Cuba economy, these differences became more tense and outspoken.
Paradoxically, the worsening of Cuba’s economy brought together such different views.

Historical context

Ricardo Torres Pérez and Juan Triana, both with CEEC
One of the characteristics of the Cuban economy throughout history is its high external dependency and the damaging nature of that relationship. Cuba’s deepest economic crises have been linked to disturbances in the external sector. Within this picture, the limited dynamism of Cuban exports stands out, together with low diversity, a specialization tied to products with limited dynamics in international markets and low technological content, as well as dependency on one or the other big power. In its exports to the Latin American region, Cuba has one of the lowest trade intensities (trade, in relation to population size). This condition has not changed substantially over the last 25 years, even when the export of healthcare and education services is taken into consideration. Cuba’s mediocre performance contrasts with the high-growth trajectory of open economies.

Early stages of foreign investment in Cuba

Omar Everleny Pérez Villanueva, CEEC
Given Cuba’s incapacity to generate domestic savings sufficient for growth and development, foreign participation in the Cuban economy has become a top priority. Cuba has to break the vicious circle where foreign investment is needed for growth, yet it is impossible to get investments without achieving growth. It remains necessary to maintain the recovery initiated in 1994 by allocating foreign resources to those areas of rapid recovery that are technologically advanced, such as mining, tourism, communications, and products for tourism.
“Foreign financing in the form of development assistance has been very limited in the Cuban case, producing few results. Soft credit, which is necessary for some goals, has not been available to Cuba for many years, both for political and economic reasons (…) Cuba’s challenge is to acquire the most modern technologies through FDI…”

Accumulation

José Luis Rodríguez García, a former minister of economy, now with CIEM
The new foreign investment law “must aim at solving aspects that are crucial to the country’s investment capacity, in the midst of a situation in which it is not possible to squeeze consumption in order to increase the rhythm of accumulation.”
Foreign debt (José Luis Rodríguez): “Payment of the foreign debt is an indispensable requirement for achieving an expansion of the economy taking into account the need for greater flow of external resources, including greater foreign direct investment.”

Tourism and development

Pedro M. Monreal González, University of London)
“’Sun and beach’ tourism can not be in itself a sound pillar of national development because it does not offer possibilities of economic ‘escalamiento’ (upgrading) or, in a best-case scenario, such opportunities are very limited.”

Oil, energy, and development

Ricardo Torres
In case it strikes offshore oil, “Cuba would become less energy dependent and might eventually become an energy exporter; new credit and foreign investment would materialize, along with refining and service jobs.”
Arturo López-Levi, University of Denver
“With or without oil, the Cuban economy sorely needs an environment in which business and individuals feel confident to invest.”

State hiring and wages

Pavel Vidal Alejandro, Universidad Javeriana, Colombia
Currency unification, in the mid term, will turn state control over hiring and payment of labor obsolete.

Monetary issues

Pavel Vidal
“Foreign investors must monitor the impact of devaluation on the state corporate system at large, its monetary-financial stability and fiscal balance. These are factors in which they are indirectly involved.”

Mariel Special Development Zone

Pedro M. Monreal González
“In the mid- and long term, Mariel could have the best conditions to establish itself as the best mega-port in the Caribbean. Its great disadvantage is the absence of commercial relations between Cuba and the U.S. (… This) is, above all, the biggest impediment for Cuba to make the best out of an unusual conjuncture that would allow this nation to modify its international insertion profile for the purpose of development.”
José Luis Rodríguez
The Mariel Zone is an intent to “ relaunch foreign direct investment in Cuba with the additional advantages of its special rules.”

Sustainable growth

Pavel Vidal
“It seems far better for sustainable growth, and to obtain productivity gains, to extend the opening to the non-state sector on a larger scale, including more opening to foreign direct investment.”
Pavel Vidal
According to a study by the Implementation Commission of the Party Guidelines, 70% of the overall profits in Cuba are generated by just 4% of companies, of which almost all are joint ventures in association with foreigners.

What Cuba needs

Juan Triana
“If we do not receive big investments, we are not going to grow. With a 10% rate of domestic savings or less, there will be no growth; countries that have developed their economies in recent decades have had a rate of 27 to 32% of domestic savings. Cuba needs no less than $3 billion a year of foreign direct investment to be able to develop its economy.” 
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*Former Cuban intelligence officer Domingo Amuchastegui has lived in Miami since 1994. He writes regularly for Cuba Standard and CubaNews on the Communist Party, Cuba’s internal politics, economic reform, and South Florida’s Cuban community.

Cuba bloquea viajes de cubanos con pasaporte sin revalidación

el regimen echa mano a lo que mejor sabe hacer: crear crisis como metodo para resolver los problemas que le convienen. con ello volcaran sobre estados unidos la ira de la emigracion cubana respetuosa que en cifras records visita la isla. 
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El gobierno cubano bloqueó intempestivamente la llegada de cubanos del exterior cuyos pasaportes no tengan la revalidación requerida, causando molestia a docenas de viajeros que no pudieron abordar sus aviones en el Aeropuerto Internacional de Miami y otros que fueron detenidos a su llegada a La Habana.
Una notificación de Havanatour, la agencia estatal de viajes, fechada el jueves indicó que efectivo inmediatamente las autoridades no aceptarían la llegada de viajeros cuyos pasaportes cubanos no tengan la debida "prórroga".
Los pasaportes cubanos son válidos por seis años pero requieren de "prórrogas" cada dos años. Hasta el jueves, Cuba permitía la llegada de viajeros sin la extensión en el pasaporte, aunque les exigía que la obtuvieran en La Habana debido a los problemas en la Sección de Intereses en Washington.
La Secciön de Intereses suspendió el 17 de febrero los servicios consulares que requieren el pago de tarifas, como las prórrogas, visas y nuevos pasaportes, después de que el M&T Bank con sede en Buffalo, Nueva York, cerró todas las cuentas que tenía de consulados extranjeros.
La notificación de Havanatour no dio una razón por el súbito cambio, dijo María Brieva, dueña de la agencia de viajes Machi en Miami, pero amenazó con multar a las agencias quer permitan que las personas sin la documentación requerida aborden los vuelos hacia la isla.
A algunos viajeros con boletos para viajar a Cuba se les impidió el jueves abordar sus vuelos en el Aeropuerto Intenacional de Miami, dijeron empleados de agencias de viajes. Otros, en los primeros vuelos de la mañana, lograron viajar pero no se les permitió salir del Aeropuerto Internacional José Martí en La Habana.
Este es el primer impacto visible de la decisión del consulado cubano en Washington de suspender sus servicios -excepto por casos humanitarios- aunque cubanos en Miami dicen que saben de muchos otros con pasaportes expirados que no han podido viajar a la isla.
Hasta ahora, el número de viajeros de Estados Unidos a la isla se ha mantenido estable, de acuerdo con fuentes de la industria. Muchos cubanoamericanos tienen visas de entrada múltiple para regresar a su país y comppañías estadounidenses que ofrecen viajes a visitantes que no son cubanoamericanos en las llamadas visitas "pueblo a pueblo" dicen que usualmente tienen planes con seis meses de anticipación. Esta historia será ampliada posteriormente

Read more here: http://www.elnuevoherald.com/2014/04/24/1733617/cuba-bloquea-viajes-de-cubanos.html#storylink=cpy

This machine makes drinking water from thin air

Tel Aviv, Israel (CNN) -- Water. A vital nutrient, yet one that is inaccessible to many worldwide.
The World Health Organization reports that 780 million people don't have access to clean water, and 3.4 million die each year due to water-borne diseases. But an Israeli company thinks it can play a part in alleviating the crisis by producing drinking water from thin air.
Water-Gen has developed an Atmospheric Water-Generation Units using its "GENius" heat exchanger to chill air and condense water vapor.
"The clean air enters our GENius heat exchanger system where it is dehumidified, the water is removed from the air and collected in a collection tank inside the unit," says co-CEO Arye Kohavi.
"From there the water is passed through an extensive water filtration system which cleans it from possible chemical and microbiological contaminations," he explains. "The clean purified water is stored in an internal water tank which is kept continuously preserved to keep it at high quality over time."
Several companies tried to extract water from the air ... But the issue is to do it very efficiently.
Arye Kohavi, co-CEO Water-Genius
Energy efficient
Capturing atmospheric humidity isn't a ground-breaking invention in itself -- other companies already sell atmospheric water generators for commercial and domestic use -- but Water-Gen says it has made its water generator more energy efficient than others by using the cooled air created by the unit to chill incoming air.
"Several companies tried to extract water from the air," says Kohavi. "It looks simple, because air conditioning is extracting water from air. But the issue is to do it very efficiently, to produce as much water as you can per kilowatt of power consumed."
He adds: "When you're very, very efficient, it brings us to the point that it is a real solution. Water from air became actually a solution for drinking water."
The system produces 250-800 liters (65-210 gallons) of potable water a day depending on temperature and humidity conditions and Kohavi says it uses two cents' worth of electricity to produce a liter of water.
Civilian uses
Developed primarily for the Israel Defense Forces (IDF), Water-Gen says it has already sold units to militaries in seven countries, but Kohavi is keen to stress that the general population can also benefit from the technology.
He explains: "We believe that the products can be sold to developing countries in different civilian applications. For example in India, [drinking] water for homes is not available and will also be rare in the future. The Atmospheric Water-Generation Unit can be built as a residential unit and serve as a perfect water supply solution for homes in India."
Kohavi says Water-Gen's units can produce a liter of water for 1.5 Rupees, as opposed to 15 Rupees for a liter of bottled water.
Dirty water
Another product Water-Gen has developed is a portable water purification system. It's a battery-operated water filtration unit called Spring. Spring is able to filter 180 liters (48 gallons) of water, and fits into a backpack -- enabling water filtration on the go.
"You can go to any lake, any place, any river, anything in the field, usually contaminated with industrial waste, or anything like that and actually filter it into the best drinking water that exists," says Kohavi.
This unit gives logistic independence for the forces and make us ensure that we provide the soldiers high quality water.
Major Alisa Zevin, head of the Facilities and Specialized Equipment, IDF
Major Alisa Zevin, head of the Facilities and Specialized Equipment Section for the IDF, says the unit is revolutionary for them.
"This unit gives logistic independence for the forces and make us ensure that we provide the soldiers high quality water," she says.
In 2013, the IDF took Spring to the Philippines after Typhoon Haiyan devastated the island country and left 4.2 million people affected by water scarcity. The system filtered what was undrinkable water into potable water, and that is what Water-Gen hopes to accomplish elsewhere where the technology is needed.
"It's something as a Westerner you cannot understand because you have a perfect water in the pipe, but people are dying from lack of water," says Kohavi.
Although Water-Gen's developments aren't a solution for the water crisis, Kohavi believes that the technology can do for countries that lack clean water, such as Haiti, what it has done for the Philippines. It can be the technology used to not only to filter water, but to save lives.
"They could actually bring solution, perfect solution, to the people over there," says Kohavi. "For the kids ... They can use the technology to filter water in the field. People are going days just to carry water. And all our solutions can be an alternative for that."

Aborted Babies Burned for Electric Power in USA

A shocking admission from authorities in Victoria, British Columbia reveals that the remains of aborted babies are disposed of in the US and sent to a facility that burns waste to provide electric power for Oregon residents.

According to LifeSiteNews, The British Columbia Health Ministry confirmed that biomedical waste is shipped to the U.S. for destruction. Such waste includes "human tissue, such as surgically removed cancerous tissue, amputated limbs, and fetal tissue."
"Kristan Mitchell, executive director of the Oregon Refuse and Recycling Association, told the B.C. Catholic that the 'biomedical waste' likely ends up at the Covanta Marion waste-to-energy facility in Oregon since it is the only facility that uses waste to power the grid," LifeSiteNews reports.
The Oregon Refuse and Recycling Association also confirmed the reports.
The facility reportedly burns 800 tons of medical waste a year, turning it into electric power for homes and businesses.
This new report comes only a month after it was revealed that 15,500 aborted babies were incinerated to provide power for Britain's NHS hospitals.

Earning money in America

Global ageing: Time to rethink retirement

The Economist

Five Ways to Cheat at Baseball Without Using Steroids

Give Michael Pineda of the New York Yankees credit for this much: He cheated the old-fashioned way.
The nervy Pineda was caught Wednesday night with an obvious smear of sticky pine tar on his neck — meant, he said, to get a better grip on the ball on a cold night in Boston. It was Pineda’s second offense in the first month of the season.
So, hey, who needs steroids? Creative ways to cheat are as old as the game itself. Here are five examples — some simply slippery, others more elaborate, and at least one that reads like something out of “Mission: Impossible.”

Master of the Spitball

Gaylord Perry was well-known for slicking up the ball to make it dive and curl. You name it, he used it: Vaseline, hair tonic, his own spit.
His reputation was so established that Perry used it to mess with hitters’ minds.
Before every pitch, even the legal ones, he went through such a series of contortions —running his fingers along the inside of his cap, behind his ears, down his sleeves — that he looked more like a sleight-of-hand magician or a mime than a pitcher.
Gene Mauch, the legendary manager, once said of Perry that if he was ever elected to the Hall of Fame, he should be enshrined “with a tube of K-Y jelly attached to his plaque.”
Perry got the last laugh. He won 314 games — and did indeed go to Cooperstown.

The Corked Bat Caper

The irascible Cleveland Indians slugger Albert Belle had his bat confiscated on July 15, 1994, when the manager of the Chicago White Sox raised the possibility that it was corked.
Corking a bat — hollowing out the business end and replacing the wood with material like cork or even ground-up superballs — makes the bat lighter and thus the hitter’s swing quicker.
The accepted wisdom that it helps the ball travel farther has been questioned by physics experts. But no matter: What happened next in that 1994 game is what elevates the Belle story from time-honored cheating to slapstick hilarity.

PHILLIPS BRINKMAN  
MARK MORENCY / AP file
First base umpire Joe Brinkman, left, and home plate umpire Dave Phillips inspect a bat confiscated from Cleveland Indians' Albert Belle so it could be checked for cork during a game against the Chicago White Sox in Chicago in 1994.

The bat in question went to the umpires’ room. Then one of Belle’s teammates, pitcher Jason Grimsley, wriggled through an air duct, dropped down from the ceiling, took the Belle bat and replaced it with a legal one.
This was not exactly James Bond-level spycraft. The replacement bat had another player’s name on it. Belle served a seven-game suspension.

The Even More Famous Pine Tar Episode

Say the words “pine tar” or the name “George Brett” to baseball fans, and they think of the greatest thermonuclear meltdown in the history of the game.
On July 24, 1983, with his Kansas City Royals down 4-3 to the New York Yankees with two men out in the ninth inning, Brett hit a home run against Goose Gossage, putting the Royals ahead 5-4.
Billy Martin, the Yankees manager, who elevated paranoia to an art form, called for an inspection of the bat. Using home plate as a ruler, the home plate umpire, Tim McClelland, found that Brett had pine tar too far up the handle.
Pine tar helps hitters grip the bat, and Rule 1.10(c) specifies that it can’t go farther up the bat than 18 inches. Brett was called out. Final score: Yankees 4, Royals 3.
The memorable part came next: Brett charged out of the dugout in a vein-popping, expletive-peppered, arm-flailing fit of rage.
But Brett had been busted on a technicality. The reason for the 18-inch rule wasn’t an unfair advantage for the hitter — it was that pine tar was getting on too many batted balls and ruining them.
The Royals filed a protest, and the American League president found that Brett had violated the letter, but not the spirit, of the law. He reinstated the home run and ordered Brett ejected for the outburst.
The game was resumed 25 days later. The Yankees offered free admission to anyone who was there the first game. They went quietly in the bottom of the ninth. Final score: Royals 5, Yankees 4.

Where Did That Come From?

On Aug. 3, 1987, Joe Niekro was on the mound for the Minnesota Twins and threw a slider that knifed through the air so fiercely that it looked suspicious to the home plate umpire, Tim Tschida.
He went out to the mound and ordered Niekro to empty his pockets. Niekro turned them inside out. As he raised his arms — nothing to see here — a small object fluttered out and fell to the ground.
It was an emery board, perfect for scuffing a ball and changing its aerodynamics. Niekro had a plausible explanation: He threw a knuckleball, and knuckleballers need to keep their nails precisely manicured to throw the pitch with precision.
Nobody bought it. In any event, Niekro was found to have sandpaper, too. He wasn’t running a nail salon. The league president suspended him for 10 games. Niekro got a gig on Letterman out of it.
“The guy was so blatant,” second base umpire Steve Palermo told Sports Illustrated at the time, “it was like a guy walking down the street carrying a bottle of booze during Prohibition.”

Grand Theft

The 1951 New York Giants have a special place in baseball history: They won the deciding game of a playoff against the Brooklyn Dodgers on a walkoff home run by Bobby Thomson.
It is known as the Shot Heard ’Round the World and is arguably the greatest home run in history. But there was more to the story.
Fifty years later, Joshua Prager, a reporter for the Wall Street Journal, uncovered an elaborate scheme:
The Giants had set up a telescope in the clubhouse beyond center field and stationed a coach there to intercept the signs flashed by the opposing catcher to signal what the next pitch would be.
An electrician set up a buzzer, enabling the Giants to relay the signs to the bullpen — one buzz for a fastball, say — and from there they could be relayed to the hitter. The relay code was as simple as crossed or uncrossed legs.
Prager detailed the scheme in a 2006 book, “The Echoing Green.”

Thomson Durocher Stoneham 
 AP
Bobby Thomson of the New York Giants is hugged by Giants owner Horace Stoneham, left, and manager Leo Durocher in the dressing room after their championship playoff victory over the Brooklyn Dodgers at the Polo Grounds in New York. Thomson's ninth-inning homer gave the Giants a 5-4 victory and a trip to the World Series.

It is impossible to know how much the trick helped the Giants erase a 13-game deficit that summer and pull even with the Dodgers, setting up the playoffs. As for Thomson and his home run: Did he know what pitch was coming?
“I’d have to say more no than yes,” Thomson mysteriously told The Journal in 2001. “I don’t like to think of something taking away from it.”
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but don't forget sammy sosa with his corked bat:
 

Cuba: Las reformas neokaxtriztas en las calles [Documental]

Cuba en las calles

IMF Sees Subdued Growth in Latin America for 2014

imf

Cung Le sets a Guinness World Record for the most eggs crushed

UFC - Ultimate Fighting Championship
UFC middleweight Cung Le sets a Guinness World Record for the most eggs crushed in one minute with a kick.
 

Primero de Mayo en Cuba para celebrar más explotación

Eugenio Yáñez
Una vez más, la dictadura cubana contra la clase obrera, con el silencio cómplice de los sindicatos oficialistas. Ahora con relación al pago a los trabajadores en las empresas que se creen en la Zona de Desarrollo Especial de El Mariel (ZDEM).
Se mantiene la contratación de trabajadores a través de una “entidad empleadora” estatal y no mediante relación directa inversionista-empleados. Así es desde hace muchos años, dispositivo para esquilmar trabajadores; el Estado cobra de los inversionistas en moneda fuerte y paga a los cubanos en devaluada moneda nacional y con tarifas salariales locales. Ahora, según anuncios edulcorados, lo haría no para buscar ganancias, sino como función “facilitadora”, que incluye pactar el salario de los trabajadores con los empresarios.
Facilitación innecesaria, pues en todas partes los trabajadores negocian con empleadores sin necesidad de una estructura burocrática y parasitaria de por medio, y que en el caso cubano, además de no apoyar a los trabajadores, incrementa costos y establece procesos discriminatorios y excluyentes contra ellos, a través del concepto de “idoneidad”, en la práctica un control político de la fuerza de trabajo “autorizada” a prestar servicios a inversionistas extranjeros. El mismo mecanismo que empleaban los racistas surafricanos en tiempos del apartheid para contratar trabajadores en Namibia.
El costo de tal actividad “facilitadora” ascenderá al 20 % del salario de cada trabajador. Así que la quinta parte de lo que gane cada uno en la ZDEM es para mantener burócratas y represores políticos que serán los facilitadores más caros del planeta. Si no existieran harían más sencilla la contratación de empleados por los inversionistas y permitirían al trabajador recibir su salario sin descuentos para sustentar vividores.
Los trabajadores recibirán su pago mensual en pesos cubanos (CUP), a una tasa arbitraria de 10 pesos cubanos (CUP) por cada peso convertible (CUC), cuando el cambio oficial es de 25 CUP por cada CUC. Es decir, los cubanos recibirían de la “entidad empleadora”, con esa tasa de cambio, un 40 % de lo que les corresponde.
Con pesos cubanos, hay pocas opciones: una parte fundamental de alimentos, vestuario, calzado, artículos de higiene y aseo, materiales de construcción y reparación, y hasta de medicamentos y transporte, debe obtenerlos en pesos convertibles en tiendas del Estado que venden en esa moneda. Entonces, se necesitan 25 pesos cubanos por cada peso convertible del precio del producto en las tiendas estatales, o comprar CUC en las Casas de Cambio estatales (CADECA) a razón de 25 pesos cubanos por CUC.
Para explicar esta “lógica” totalitaria, veamos un ejemplo concreto de cómo serían los números con este atraco a mano armada diseñado por el gobierno “revolucionario”:
La “entidad empleadora” negocia el salario de los trabajadores con los empresarios. El sindicato oficialista es simple adorno, ni pinta ni da color. Supongamos que se pacta un salario mensual de 600 pesos convertibles (CUC) para un mecánico de mantenimiento. No importa ahora si ese es el salario apropiado o no, simplemente tomemos esa cifra como ejemplo.
La “entidad empleadora” estatal se apropia de 120 CUC (20 %) como gasto de operación, quedando para el mecánico 480 CUC. En una CADECA 480 CUC equivalen a 11.520 pesos cubanos al precio de venta de 24 CUP por cada CUC. Pero el Estado “proletario” despluma 6.720 pesos cubanos al obrero con la tasa de cambio de 10 CUP por 1 CUC, y le paga solamente 4.800, gracias a la revolución de los humildes, por los humildes y para los humildes.
Además, el trabajador debe pagar impuestos por el salario que recibe, como sucede en todas partes. Para un salario de 600 CUC, si los impuestos fueran del 10 % -podría ser mucho más- el obrero pagaría 60 CUC, ó 1.500 pesos cubanos (CUP). Entonces, de los 4.800 CUP que cobra, le quedarían 3.300 después de pagar sus impuestos.
3.300 pesos cubanos en una CADECA estatal cubana permiten comprar 132 pesos convertibles (CUC). De manera que de un salario inicial de 600 CUC el trabajador cubano recibiría solamente el 22 %, y el 78 % irá para el Estado “socialista” y sus burócratas, represores y vividores, con la complicidad de los sindicatos, parásitos también ellos mismos. ¿Es eso lo que celebrarán los trabajadores cubanos este Primero de Mayo?
Digan lo que quieran decir los sicarios verbales del régimen por estos foros, esa es la realidad: más o menos la quinta parte del salario para el trabajador, casi cuatro quintas partes para el Estado “de los trabajadores”. Y quienes laboren en la Zona de Desarrollo Especial de Mariel serán privilegiados comparados con el resto de los cubanos de a pie. Si eso no es explotación, plusvalía o plustrabajo, ¿qué es y cómo se llama?
Papá-Estado se siente con derecho a esquilmar y estafar a los cubanos y a la vez decir que los subsidia, pero son los cubanos quienes subsidian a los parásitos en el poder.
¿Recuerdan lo que se canta en La Internacional? “Agrupémonos todos/en la lucha final/la Tierra será el paraíso/bello de la humanidad”.
¡Solavaya!

Angel Cuadra - Poesia Desobediente

Wenceslao Cruz

Transparencia, credibilidad y atractivo sectorial en la Ley de inversiones extranjeras castrista

Elías Amor Bravo, economista

Los economistas saben que la política de atracción de inversiones extranjeras es una de las más complejas que puede abordar cualquier economía. Forman parte de las denominadas políticas estructurales, porque sus efectos suelen producirse y, por tanto, evaluarse a medio y largo plazo.

En el contexto de globalización de la economía mundial, que integra mercancías, servicios, capitales y tecnologías, las inversiones extranjeras se convierten en un agente activo que estimula los procesos descritos. Aquellos que piensan que en el siglo XXI es posible recurrir a la vía autárquica para superar las cadenas del subdesarrollo, están completamente equivocados.

La inversión extranjera puede dirigirse a un país por numerosos factores, entre los cuáles, la existencia de un marco jurídico estable y predecible, es condición necesaria, pero no suficiente. El capital privado recela de los entornos de incertidumbre y riesgo, desconfía de quiénes no pagan sus deudas en los plazos estipulados, y no ofrecen garantías jurídicas objetivas para el desempeño eficiente de los negocios.

Además, ¿qué sentido tiene mantener un sistema económico controlado centralmente por el gobierno, en el que más del 90% de los trabajadores están ocupados en el estado y dónde la iniciativa privada es residual? ¿Con quién deben relacionarse los inversores extranjeros que quieran situar sus capitales en el país? ¿Tal vez con el estado y sus organismos? En el caso cubano, el régimen ya ha ideado una solución al crear un organismo del estado encargado de contratar los trabajadores que, posteriormente, son cedidos a las empresas extranjeras que invierten en el país.

Tal vez , la Organización Internacional del Trabajo debería abrir un expediente informativo al régimen castrista por prácticas absolutamente contrarias a los derechos de los trabajadores a la contratación efectiva. Nada más y nada menos que en un país que se ha autoproclamado históricamente como el paraíso de los desprotegidos.

Básicamente, los economistas identifican tres factores determinantes como ejes de la captación de inversiones extranjeras: transparencia, credibilidad y atractivo sectorial. En cierto modo, los tres se encuentran estrechamente relacionados y tienden a alimentarse unos con otros. Las políticas de atracción de las inversiones extranjeras deben lidiar con estas cuestiones, y despejar las incertidumbres para facilitar el acceso de los capitales. Otra cosa es que lo consigan. El caso del régimen castrista, con su reciente Ley de inversiones extranjeras, puede ser una referencia de interés para este análisis.

Transparencia. No hace mucho tiempo que las autoridades del régimen entraban en un agrio conflicto con los estadísticos de Naciones Unidas, al intentar imponer una medición del valor de sus cuentas nacionales, que en absoluto se correspondía con los estándares internacionales. Es un asunto antiguo, al que no vale la pena dedicar mucho tiempo ya que finalizó, de forma incomprensible, con la aceptación por Naciones Unidas de la información macroeconómica ofrecida por el régimen castrista. Más propaganda que otra cosa. El tiempo ha situado las cosas en su sitio. La economía lleva años creciendo por debajo de sus tasas planeadas.

Credibilidad. Cabe afirmar otro tanto. ¿Qué se puede esperar de un sistema económico dirigido por gestores que mantienen una dualidad monetaria que genera no pocos problemas en la medición contable de la actividad económica? Los agregados principales son cuestionables, y por ello, la economía pierde credibilidad. No es posible realizar contrastes con las magnitudes de otros países, y se debe recurrir a los indicadores que el régimen utiliza como instrumentos de propaganda, como el índice de desarrollo humano, por ejemplo.

Atractivo sectorial. El inversor extranjero que accede al catálogo que recoge la Ley de inversiones extranjeras castrista lo primero que encuentra son prohibiciones. Educación, sanidad o industria militar se encuentran vedados al capital extranjero. No es un buen comienzo. En principio, una política de atracción de inversiones extranjeras no debería condicionar de ese modo las preferencias de los inversores. Y luego, ¿qué se ofrece? El principal sector de la economía, el azúcar, se encuentra completamente hundido. La minería ya está controlada por empresas de capital extranjero desde hace décadas. Otro tanto sucede con el parque de instalaciones hoteleras que se gestiona por empresas internacionales. ¿Qué es lo que queda para invertir?

Los medios se han hecho eco que el régimen castrista ha iniciado negociaciones con el Club de París, para poner el contador de su deuda a cero, o tratar de reducirla al máximo posible. No es una mala noticia. No le queda más remedio que hacerlo, si quiere atraer inversores extranjeros de confianza. De hecho, desde hace tiempo intenta que los rusos de Putin le perdonen las deudas de la época soviética. Una tarea harto difícil porque es imposible trasladar aquellos importes a las condiciones financieras actuales. Otros países han sido más favorables a ceder.

Pero el Club de París es una organización seria y respetable, y aquellos que acuden a su sede en demanda de financiación tienen que aceptar las reglas del juego. Fidel Castro, durante décadas, creyó que se podía vivir sin pagar. Su hermano se ha encontrado con el efecto de la dura realidad, y ya está en la cola de los deudores. Es un paso necesario para reducir el alto riesgo asociado a la inversión en una economía cuya “constitución” insiste en la propiedad estatal de los medios de producción. Una letra muy mal escrita, con una música absolutamente desafinada en los tiempos que corren.
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Retratos de fusilados por el Castrismo - Juan Abreu

"Hablame"

"EN TIEMPOS DIFÍCILES" - Heberto Padilla

A aquel hombre le pidieron su tiempo

para que lo juntara al tiempo de la Historia.

Le pidieron las manos,

porque para una época difícil

nada hay mejor que un par de buenas manos.

Le pidieron los ojos

que alguna vez tuvieron lágrimas

para que contemplara el lado claro

(especialmente el lado claro de la vida)

porque para el horror basta un ojo de asombro.

Le pidieron sus labios

resecos y cuarteados para afirmar,

para erigir, con cada afirmación, un sueño

(el-alto-sueño);

le pidieron las piernas

duras y nudosas

(sus viejas piernas andariegas),

porque en tiempos difíciles

¿algo hay mejor que un par de piernas

para la construcción o la trinchera?

Le pidieron el bosque que lo nutrió de niño,

con su árbol obediente.

Le pidieron el pecho, el corazón, los hombros.

Le dijeron

que eso era estrictamente necesario.

Le explicaron después

que toda esta donación resultaria inútil.

sin entregar la lengua,

porque en tiempos difíciles

nada es tan útil para atajar el odio o la mentira.

Y finalmente le rogaron

que, por favor, echase a andar,

porque en tiempos difíciles

esta es, sin duda, la prueba decisiva.

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La columna de Cubanalisis

NEOCASTRISMO [Hacer click en la imagen]

NEOCASTRISMO [Hacer click en la imagen]
¨Saturno jugando con sus hijos¨/ Pedro Pablo Oliva

Seguidores

Carta desde la carcel de Fidel Castro Ruz

“…después de todo, para mí la cárcel es un buen descanso, que sólo tiene de malo el que es obligatorio. Leo mucho y estudio mucho. Parece increíble, las horas pasan como si fuesen minutos y yo, que soy de temperamento intranquilo, me paso el día leyendo, apenas sin moverme para nada. La correspondencia llega normalmente…”

“…Como soy cocinero, de vez en cuando me entretengo preparando algún pisto. Hace poco me mandó mi hermana desde Oriente un pequeño jamón y preparé un bisté con jalea de guayaba. También preparo spaghettis de vez en cuando, de distintas formas, inventadas todas por mí; o bien tortilla de queso. ¡Ah! ¡Qué bien me quedan! por supuesto, que el repertorio no se queda ahí. Cuelo también café que me queda muy sabroso”.
“…En cuanto a fumar, en estos días pasados he estado rico: una caja de tabacos H. Upman del doctor Miró Cardona, dos cajas muy buenas de mi hermano Ramón….”.
“Me voy a cenar: spaghettis con calamares, bombones italianos de postre, café acabadito de colar y después un H. Upman #4. ¿No me envidias?”.
“…Me cuidan, me cuidan un poquito entre todos. No le hacen caso a uno, siempre estoy peleando para que no me manden nada. Cuando cojo el sol por la mañana en shorts y siento el aire de mar, me parece que estoy en una playa… ¡Me van a hacer creer que estoy de vacaciones! ¿Qué diría Carlos Marx de semejantes revolucionarios?”.

Quotes

¨La patria es dicha de todos, y dolor de todos, y cielo para todos, y no feudo ni capellaní­a de nadie¨ - Marti

"No temas ni a la prision, ni a la pobreza, ni a la muerte. Teme al miedo"
-
Giacomo Leopardi

¨Por eso es muy importante, Vicky, hijo mío, que recuerdes siempre para qué sirve la cabeza: para atravesar paredes¨Halvar de Flake [El vikingo]

"Como no me he preocupado de nacer, no me preocupo de morir" - Lorca

"Al final, no os preguntarán qué habéis sabido, sino qué habéis hecho" - Jean de Gerson

"Si queremos que todo siga como está, es necesario que todo cambie" - Giuseppe Tomasi di Lampedusa

"Todo hombre paga su grandeza con muchas pequeñeces, su victoria con muchas derrotas, su riqueza con múltiples quiebras" - Giovanni Papini


"Life is what happens while you are busy making other plans" - John Lennon

"Habla bajo, lleva siempre un gran palo y llegarás lejos" - Proverbio Africano

"No hay medicina para el miedo" - Proverbio escoces

"El supremo arte de la guerra es doblegar al enemigo sin luchar"
- Sun Tzu

"You do not really understand something unless you can explain it to your grandmother" - Albert Einstein

"It is inaccurate to say I hate everything. I am strongly in favor of common sense, common honesty, and common decency. This makes me forever ineligible for public office" - H. L. Menken

"I swore never to be silent whenever and wherever human beings endure suffering and humiliation. We must always take sides. Neutrality helps the oppressor, never the victim. Silence encourages the tormentor, never the tormented" - Elie Wiesel

"Stay hungry, stay foolish" -
Steve Jobs

"If you put the federal government in charge of the Sahara Desert , in five years ther'ed be a shortage of sand" - Milton Friedman

"The tragedy of modern man is not that he knows less and less about the meaning of his own life, but that it bothers him less and less" - Vaclav Havel

"No se puede controlar el resultado, pero si lo que uno haga para alcanzarlo" -
Vitor Belfort [MMA Fighter]

Liborio

Liborio
A la puerta de la gloria está San Pedro sentado y ve llegar a su lado a un hombre de cierta historia. No consigue hacer memoria y le pregunta con celo: ¿Quién eras allá en el suelo? Era Liborio mi nombre. Has sufrido mucho, hombre, entra, te has ganado el cielo.

Para Raul Castro

Cuba ocupa el penultimo lugar en el mundo en libertad economica solo superada por Corea del Norte.

Cuba ocupa el lugar 147 entre 153 paises evaluados en "Democracia, Mercado y Transparencia 2007"

Cuando vinieron

Cuando vinieron a buscar a los comunistas, Callé: yo no soy comunista.
Cuando vinieron a buscar a los sindicalistas, Callé: yo no soy sindicalista.
Cuando vinieron a buscar a los judíos, Callé: yo no soy judío. Cuando vinieron a buscar a los católicos, Callé: yo no soy “tan católico”.
Cuando vinieron a buscarme a mí, Callé: no había quien me escuchara.

Reverendo Martin Niemöller

Martha Colmenares

Martha Colmenares
Un sitio donde los hechos y sus huellas nos conmueven o cautivan

CUBA LLORA Y EL MUNDO Y NOSOTROS NO ESCUCHAMOS

Donde esta el Mundo, donde los Democratas, donde los Liberales? El pueblo de Cuba llora y nadie escucha.
Donde estan los Green, los Socialdemocratas, los Ricos y los Pobres, los Con Voz y Sin Voz? Cuba llora y nadie escucha.
Donde estan el Jet Set, los Reyes y Principes, Patricios y Plebeyos? Cuba desesperada clama por solidaridad.
Donde Bob Dylan, donde Martin Luther King, donde Hollywood y sus estrellas? Donde la Middle Class democrata y conservadora, o acaso tambien liberal a ratos? Y Gandhi? Y el Dios de Todos?
Donde los Santos y Virgenes; los Dioses de Cristianos, Protestantes, Musulmanes, Budistas, Testigos de Jehova y Adventistas del Septimo Dia. Donde estan Ochun y todas las deidades del Panteon Yoruba que no acuden a nuestro llanto? Donde Juan Pablo II que no exige mas que Cuba se abra al Mundo y que el Mundo se abra a Cuba?
Que hacen ahora mismo Alberto de Monaco y el Principe Felipe que no los escuchamos? Donde Madonna, donde Angelina Jolie y sus adoptados around de world; o nos hara falta un Brando erguido en un Oscar por Cuba? Donde Sean Penn?
Donde esta la Aristocracia Obrera y los Obreros menos Aristocraticos, donde los Working Class que no estan junto a un pueblo que lanquidece, sufre y llora por la ignominia?
Que hacen ahora mismo Zapatero y Rajoy que no los escuchamos, y Harper y Dion, e Hillary y Obama; donde McCain que no los escuchamos? Y los muertos? Y los que estan muriendo? Y los que van a morir? Y los que se lanzan desesperados al mar?
Donde estan el minero cantabrico o el pescador de percebes gijonese? Los Canarios donde estan? A los africanos no los oimos, y a los australianos con su acento de hombres duros tampoco. Y aquellos chinos milenarios de Canton que fundaron raices eternas en la Isla? Y que de la Queen Elizabeth y los Lords y Gentlemen? Que hace ahora mismo el combativo Principe Harry que no lo escuchamos?
Donde los Rockefellers? Donde los Duponts? Donde Kate Moss? Donde el Presidente de la ONU? Y Solana donde esta? Y los Generales y Doctores? Y los Lam y los Fabelo, y los Sivio y los Fito Paez?
Y que de Canseco y Miñoso? Y de los veteranos de Bahia de Cochinos y de los balseros y de los recien llegados? Y Carlos Otero y Susana Perez? Y el Bola, y Pancho Cespedes? Y YO y TU?
Y todos nosotros que estamos aqui y alla rumiando frustaciones y resquemores, envidias y sinsabores; autoelogios y nostalgias, en tanto Louis Michel comulga con Perez Roque mientras Biscet y una NACION lanquidecen?
Donde Maceo, donde Marti; donde aquel Villena con su carga para matar bribones?
Cuba llora y clama y el Mundo NO ESCUCHA!!!

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